AHEAD European Archive of Historical EArthquake DataEuropean Archive of Historical EArthquake Data

Elenco studiData sources
Elenco terremotiEarthquakes

Gisler et al., 2003

Gisler M., Fäh D., Schibler R., 2003. Two significant earthquakes in the Rhine Valley at the end of the 18th century: The events of December 6, 1795 and April 20, 1796. Eclogae Geol. Helv., 96, 357-366.

link      PDF abstract only 


The reassessment of the 1795 and 1796 earthquakes is part of the upgrade of the Earthquake Catalogue of Switzerland (ECOS). It is of major importance with respect to both history and seismology. Although the events have been the subject of a large number of publications, none of these studies was based on critical methods. The re-evaluation of the events rests on a new, reliable database established through investigations in archives and libraries. Using the data made available by the historical information, we assigned site intensities, adopting the criteria established by the European Macroseismic Scale EMS 98 (Grünthal 1998). Considering the broad spectrum of the given information, we assigned the minimum and maximum possible values (Imin; Imax) and set a most probably intensity value (Iw).

The results show that previously the intensity of the 1796 event was overestimated due to a misinterpretation of the written records. We therefore recommend a reduction of the epicentral intensity to Io = VII and a moment magnitude of Mw = 5.3. Also for the 1795 earthquake we recommend Io = VII and Mw = 5.3. Although the estimate of the strength of the 1796 event has to be reduced on the basis of our re-evalution, these two earthquakes are still significant for the region, and our results will have an impact on the seismic hazard assessment of the area.

Nell'archivio ci sono In the archive there are 2 terremoti provenienti da questo studio: earthquakes considered from this study:

molto grandiextra large
molto piccolivery small
non parametrizzatinot determined

Clicca sulla riga per individuare il terremoto sulla mappa o sulla lente per ottenere più informazioni.Click the row to highlight the earthquake on the map or the lens to obtain more information.

  DataDate    Area epicentraleEpicentral area    MDPs   Imax  EQ in
EQ in
Riferim. in
1795 12 09 01Wildhaus/SG  6  7  
1796 04 20 06 12Grabs/SG  15  7